A State without Women is like a Tree without leaves, A Tea without Sugar, A Movie without Hero, A body without Soul and A Vehicle without Engine.
Pakistan is the country of 180+ million people. Additionally, half of the Pakistan population encompassed of women. This demographic segment gazes rather devastating at the inception; Nevertheless, amid an assortment of cultural and spiritual taboos and stigmas they are uncovered to us on a daily basis. However, the figure does not transform into palpable financial, social and political eminences for women in Pakistan. Conventionally, women’s status has been unhurried in a stipulation of educational achievements and labour-force participation. Mainstreaming media is based on Men streaming. The male chauvinistic mindset in distinctive organizations, state institutions and the conventional bureaucratic system, where the fate of women is always adjugated by men.
In Pakistan, regardless of any steps taken, still the woman’s status and role in society are considered to be inferior comparative to men in proportioned to other societies. Pragmatic shreds of evidence are available, for instance, the inadequate participation of women in the country’s economic activities both independently and outside their houses and an extraordinarily high percentage of women who are illiterate and less-modernized. Every woman’s station and class could consequently be demarcated as her standing and articulated in terms of prestige, authority, or reverence, vis-a-vis men. Operationally, status was defined in terms of the indicators that reflected the social position of women in society; which was principally labour force participation and educational enrolment with a passing reference to political rights and social conditions.
· Educational status of Women
Education for women is a serious issue. The pattern is most obvious when it comes to female education. The official number revealed by the Federal Ministry of Education is that in an inclusive literacy rate of 50% a women-only have a depressing 40% share. However, the constitution of Pakistan clearly supports women education as per law. Even, the association amid education and literacy has been sustained worldwide, but in Pakistan, the current accumulated budget allocation on education volumes is 1.9% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
· Women as an employment agent
Women in Pakistan subsists in conventional patriarchy society, which inclines to disguise their industrious contributions. It erroneously portrays them as consigned to the domestic spheres devoting them to taking care of their families. This delusion is lumbered with flawed enumeration systems that gather information largely from males in the family, because they may texture humiliation divulging that female in their families do a job and earn income. In rural areas, Women are unpaid farm labour as a chunk of family enterprise. The economic participation of women is offensively underreported in both urban and rural areas. In Pakistan, a woman structures the key bulk of the domestic workforce. Domestic provision is an unfettered, shambolic, underrated and very manipulative form of employment. This kind of employment does not convalesce the economic or social grades of women workers.
· Political Participation/Activism
Political participation of women in Pakistan is improving but with a sluggish pace. Currently, women participation is around 22% in the National assembly. These are a different level of activities, from conscription on crucial issues or taking part in elections as representatives and as voters or sitting in District, provincial and national legislatures. Political activism is comparatively commendable for endorsing critical junctures in Pakistan. For instance, the Pakistan Movement, fight against the Zia regime courtesy the revocation of Hudood ordinance. Likewise, the persistent pressure of International agencies and feminist interventions, a guaranteed share of political participation has been delegated to women. The consequences are fruitful, resulting in an up-rise in women visibility within these law-making bodies. Conversely, this increase has not decoded into any essential gains for women, as female agents are constrained by their status and party affiliations.
· Health status of women
One of the major goals of sustainable development is Health. In Pakistan, the Health statistics for women are alarming, comparative to other surrounded countries. Maternal and Child health during pregnancy is one of the primary objectives of development policy approaches. Based on recorded statistics on maternal mortality is shockingly high where 260 deaths by 100,000 live births. In addition, limitations on mobility and agility place health services out of their grasp. Early child marriages and frequent pregnancies because of inclination to have more children are additional detriments.
Written by: Shah Fahad